Forest Management Transparency Report - State of Pará (2011 to 2012)
We evaluated the timber harvesting situation in the State of Pará from August 2011 and July 2012. To do this, we verified the regularity of information regarding management plans in the Autefs (Timber Harvesting Authorizations) as well as between the Autefs and the timber credits from authorized logging is- sued by Sema (Pará State Environmental Secretariat). The result of this analysis showed that the great majority (87%) das Autefs were regular, while only 13% presented inconsistencies (area au- thorized in already logged area and area authorized greater than the forest management area).
We also estimated the area logged in a legal manner (au- thorized) and illegal (not authorized) using NDFI images de- rived from Resourcesat satellite images. Of a total of 157,239 hectares of forests used for timber harvesting during the period (August 2011-July 2012), the great majority (78%) were not au- thorized by Sema, while 22% (34,902 hectares) were authorized.
Considering the forests affected by illegal timber har- vesting, the majority (67%) were located in areas that were private, vacant federal lands or disputed; another 25% were in land reform settlements; and 8% in Protected Areas. In rela- tion to the previous period (August 2010-July 2011), there was a significant increase of 151% (73,535 hectares) in the unauthorized timber harvesting.
Finally, we assess the quality of performance of forest management in Pará comparing two periods: i) August 2010 to July 2011; and ii) August 2011 to July 2012. We observed that good quality logging dropped from 5,966 hectares to 2,966 hectares (-50%) between the periods. Medium quality harvesting increased from 37,617 hectares to 48,832 hectares (30%) and while that of low quality rose from 17,217 hectares to 26,361 hectares (53%).
To make an overall assessment of the timber harvesting situation in Pará, we used information from the control sys- tems at Sema - Simlam (Integrated System for Licensing and Environmental Monitoring) and Sisflora (System for Sale and Transportation of Forest Products) – which were overlapped with those generated by Simex (System for Monitoring Tim- ber Harvesting), developed by Imazon.